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Egypt That You Don't Know
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    Alexandrian Buildings

    In the famous Bahary quarter of Alexandria, the old European Neo-classical style buildings stand as an old memory of the once cosmopolitan nature of the famous city.
    Take in May 2016
    Check more photos of the famous city here. 

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  • 03/02/17--04:29: March 02, 2017 at 02:15PM

  • via Instagram http://ift.tt/2lCD9KA

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    On Thursday, Cairo court of Cassation officially acquitted ousted President Mubarak in the final stage of his retrial for killing the protesters during the 18 days of the January revolution.
    The verdict of the cassation court can be appealed and thus the 88-years-old ousted president is off the hook when it comes to the killing of the protesters.
    This case or rather trial since its start in 2011 seemed to be a farce as the prosecutor general gathered a very poor case to stand in the court especially in the retrial.
    The court of cassation has not issued its reasoning on why it acquitted him but his defense team is saying that Habib El-Adly and his aides involved in the case were acquitted and thus it was logical for the court to acquit him.
    Hosni Mubarak
    Hosni Mubarak transferred to court from Maadi military hospital
     to court on Thursday by a helicopter (AP/Amr Nabil)
    Now a quick timeline to Mubarak's trial involving the killing of the protesters in the 18 days of the January revolution aka the trial of the century.
    In June 2012, the Criminal court sentenced Mubarak to a life sentence in jail for giving the orders to kill the protesters during the 18 days of the January revolution.
    In January 2013, the Court of Cassation overturned the conviction and ordered a retrial for Mubarak and Adly as well the rest of the defendants.
    In November 2014 the Criminal court acquitted Mubarak and the co-defendants in the retrial reasoning the prosecution initial decision to refer Mubarak to court in 2011 lacked the legal basis.
    On Thursday, the court of Cassation rejected the appeal of prosecution and upheld the acquittal of Mubarak.
    If you look carefully to the dates, you will know the stages of the January revolution itself.
    According to journalists who covered the "trial of the century" that no one is following carefully as before, the prosecution's evidence presented to the court in retrial was weak, too weak to stand in any court.

    Gamal Mubarak
    Gamal Mubarak looking from the window of Mubarak's suite at
    Maadi military hospital to his father's supporters in the street
    on Thursday (AP/Amr Nabil)
    The acquittal is very expected in our time where all the men and faces of Mubarak are having a strong comeback.
    I am not a legal expert but I think you need a new case with new evidence to present to the court once again from scratch to convict him for the killing of the protesters.
    I do not know when this can happen.
    Now the official question after the acquittal of Mubarak and his men: Who killed the protesters ??
    The Pro-regime/Mubarak/Sisi/State supporters and media are that the Muslim Brotherhood,Hamas and Hezbollah.
    Those who lived the 25 January revolution and its 18 days know exactly what happened and who really killed the protesters.
    Al-Akhbar-Mubarak
    Mubarak is the no.1 defendant in the killing of the rebels
    State-owned Al-Akhbar quoting the first fact-finding committee
    assigned by SCAF to investigate what happened in January 2011 
    The whole world knows as this history is documented in photos and videos.
    Despite Mubarak is officially not convicted of killing the protesters, he is officially convicted of corruption in January 2016.
    According to that conviction, he should have lost the privileges as an ex-president and should not be granted a military funeral.
    Mubarak is up till now staying at this suite in Maadi Military hospital. It is unclear if he will leave the Maadi hospital now or not but he is free to go.
    His sons Alaa and Gamal Mubarak have been active recently when it comes to public appearance.
    Justice will come sooner or later whether this life or the life afterward if you believe in it.

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    There are lots of hidden gems in Egypt that even Egyptians do not know that they exist. Among those gems, a palace in a very quiet Upper-class Zezenia neighbor in Alexandria.
    Not only that place is a hidden gem but it also hosts gems.
    I paid it a visit last May while I was in Alexandria for a short visit. 
    That place is Princess Fatima Haider's Palace that hosts a collection of the Mohamed Ali-Royal family's Jewelry.
    Officially, that palace is called the Royal Jewelry Museum.
    This post I am dedicated to the Palace itself and you will know why.
    The Fatima Haider Palace seems just like any 1920s Neo-classical European style Palace from outside.
    Fatima Haider's Palace' exterior
    The Western wing of the Palace 
    It is big as we are speaking about 4185 sq.m including the surrounding garden.
    The Palace was originally commissioned by socialite Zeinab Fahmy, the wife of Prince Ali Haider in 1919 but she died leaving it to her daughter Fatima Al-Zahra Haider.
    Princess Fatima Haider continued supervising the design and construction of that place adding her touch to the final design adding a Western wing to the original Palace.
    The construction of that palace was finished in 1923 amazingly
    According to some sources that the palace was designed by Mohamed Ali-Royal Family's favorite architect Antonio Lasciac while other sources say that famous architect Ali Pasha Fahmy whom I am going to speak about later.
    I do not know which information is true.
    The two-floor-palace is made of two wings, an Eastern and Western wing connected by a gallery of beautiful stained glass.
    Fatima Haider's Palace's exterior
    The gallery or the tunnel and its stained glass windows 
    The kitchen and the Servants section are in the basement.
    It was the summer residence for Princess Fatima Al-Zahra Haider who married Mohamed Bek Yaken in 1930.
    Becoming a Museum
    The re-inauguration plate from 2010 
    The couple had two boys and one girl.
    After the coup of 1952, Princess Fatima Al-Zahra's properties and possession were confiscated by the State aka nationalized.
    Yet, She was allowed to live in that palace.
    She lived there till 1964 when She gave it up to the Egyptian government.
    Some sources say that the former Princess headed to Cairo where she lived until her death in 1983. while other sources say she lived in Marseilles, France until her death.
    Since 1964 till 1986, the Palace joined the rest of the Royal palaces that became presidential palaces.
    In 1986, ousted President Mubarak issued a presidential decree designating the Fatima Haider's Palace into a museum in Alexandria hosting a collection of Mohamed Ali-Royal Family jewelry in Alexandria.
    The Palace was renovated twice in 1986 and 1994 in a horrible way.
     In late 2004, Egypt's ministry of antiquities started to renovate the palace in a proper way.
    The cost of that renovation as well correcting the mistakes of previous renovations reached LE 10 Million.
    The renovation finished and it was reopened once again in 2010.
    But like a diamond in the rough, it has not caught enough attention.

    Now, this museum contains a collection of Jewelry and other valuable possessions that once owned by the members of Mohamed Ali-Royal family that ruled Egypt from 1805 till 1952.
    According to the official information, there are 11,500 pieces or artifacts owned by the former ruling royal family in the museum.
    I will dedicate a separate post for the Jewelry of Mohamed Ali-Royal Family but I will just say that this collection at the museum represents a very small percentage of the true Jewelry and Jewels owned by the Egyptian Royal family.

    The entrance is from the East wing that leads directly to one of the main halls where you start to see the amazing collection of Jewelry.

    The Staircase to Eastern Wing
    Ignore that black bag on the left, this is the entrance of the museum
    and pay attention to the other beautiful details 
    Since you enter that place and start moving around, you will be distracted by the ceiling as well the walls in some chambers and the stained glass balconies.

    Exhibit No.1 for the ceiling.
    The ceiling of the Palace
    This is just the start 
    Exhibit No. 2 for the ceiling and pay attention to the initials
    A Ceiling mural
    European Renaissance mural  in the ceiling of one of the chambers with FH initials 
    The murals on the walls Little wall boiserie are also beautiful. I am trying to imagine the kind of furniture that would fit with such walls and I fail.
    Exhibit No.3
    Little angel wall boiserie painting
    Angels murals on the walls of the first wall chambers 
    Every little detail in the chambers of that palace is interesting
    Exhibit No.4
    The little details
    The initials of FH aka Fatima Haider can be seen over the engravings near the ceiling 
    The gallery between the Eastern and Western bridge is another masterpiece of art in that palace.
    Exhibit No.5
    The amazing ceilings of Fatima Haider's Palace
    The gallery between the Eastern and Western wing, an amazing piece of art 
    The ceilings got three different main murals depicting imaginary renaissance scenes about lovers, angels, muses and arts.
    Exhibit No.6
    The amazing ceilings of Fatima Haider's Palace
    The mural depicting a love scene, also pay attention to that 1920s art nouveau chandelier lamp 
    Exhibit No.7
    Not all the chandelier lamps are working as usual in Egyptian museums.
    The amazing ceilings of Fatima Haider's Palace
    Two celestial beings or whoever, one is playing the harp
    and the other one is engraving on something on a pot 
    Exhibit No.8
    Another scene for those two beings.
    The amazing ceilings of Fatima Haider's Palace
    Again the theme is about arts, one being is coloring a pot
    and the other one seems to be drawing or writing something 
    On both sides of that gallery connecting the Eastern and Western wings, there are colored stained glass windows on depicting romantic scenes from European renaissance era.
    Exhibit No.10 and No.11
    The stained glass balcony of Fatima Haider's Palace-1
    A romantic scene from 17th century Europe 

    The stained glass balcony of Fatima Haider's Palace-3
    A romantic scene from 17th century Europe 
    There is also an Arabian style chamber, I think the smoking room. You can see again the initials of "FH" near the ceiling if you zoom in.
    Exhibit No.11
    The Ceiling of an Arabian chamber
    The Arabian style chamber 
    You will find as well a Greco-roman chamber where you will find the walls oil painting showing scenes from the Greek and Roman mythology.
    Exhibit No.13 and No.14
    The Greco-Roman chamber's walls
    A Greco-Roman scene depicted on the walls of that chamber 
    The Greco-Roman chamber's walls
    Another scene, this time we see a romantic one from the Grece-Roman culture. 
    On the first floor, there is this ceramic room which could be the guests' bathroom or the kitchen but as far as I know the kitchen was in the basement as it was the custom of palaces in the old days.
    Exhibit No.15
    Ceramic chamber in the Palace
    The ceramic room also with stained glass and illustrated ceramics.

    That section of the Palace was covered by ceramics with European farmers scenes as will Eastern style titles. 
    Exhibit No.16
    Outside the chamber
    A mix of several styles here I guess :) 
    The Upper part of the ceramics in that section includes lotus flowers and wheat, strangely that mix of different styles looked good.
    Exhibit No.17
    Titles and a ceiling
    The Upper section of the titles and again you can that there are birds in the above section of the wall
    engraved directly. 
    The staircase leading to the second floor is so beautiful with its colored stained glass.
    Exhibits No.18 and No.19
    The Staircase to the second floor
    The staircase and I admit I used filters here because it was
    so dark but the rest of the photos got no filters 
    Stained glass staircase
    The staircase to the upper second floor, the staircase itself does not show in the photo but here is
    the stained glass. 
    The second floor includes several chambers used to show collections of Jewelry owned by the Mohamed Ali Family too and again you have to pay attention to the ceilings.
    Exhibit No.20
    A ceiling painting
    More of those murals 
    In the second floor, there are two private bathrooms and they are actually time capsule chambers as they are keeping their items from toilet, sink and bathtub in a perfect condition.
    Here is the first private bathroom. It is not the main bathroom. 
    Exhibit No.21

    A Smaller private bathroom in Fatima Haider Palace/Royal Jewelry Museum
    This is is a luxurious bathroom in the 1920s,
     I think the smaller tub is a bidet 
    Now, the main private bathroom of late Princess Fatima Al-Zahra Haider is another piece of art.Yes, I am using that terms more than once in this post but for a good reason.
    Exhibit No.22
    The bathtub unit and pay attention to the details
    Main bathroom in the Fatima Haider Palace/Royal Jewelry Museum
    The bathtub surrounded in ceramic and got two
    colored stained glass windows 
    And here is the 1920s Shower box where you can see that even that small space got ceramic depiction of some girl taking a bath in some river or sea naked.
    Exhibit No.23
    Main bathroom in the Fatima Haider Palace/Royal Jewelry Museum
    The 1920s shower box and that little tub/bidet 
    Here is a full view for those ceramic depictions of fairy tales.
    Exhibits No.24 and No.25
    Main bathroom in the Fatima Haider Palace/Royal Jewelry Museum
    On one side of the bathroom 

    Main bathroom in the Fatima Haider Palace/Royal Jewelry Museum
    On the other side of the bathroom 
    We are not finished yet from that bathroom because just like the rest of the chambers in the palace , you must look up to the ceiling.
    Exhibit No.26
    Main bathroom in the Fatima Haider Palace/Royal Jewelry Museum
    This is the ceiling of the main bathroom and yes it is a bit racist 
    You can see the rest of the photos of the palace here on Flickr. 
    Now seeing this amazing palace of Princess Fatima Al-Zahra Haider who was not really famous in the Egyptian society like the sisters of King Farouk, I am trying to imagine the palaces of Princess Fawzia and other prominent members of the former Royal family.
    I am trying to imagine the kind of furniture or carpets in that palace.
    Needless to say despite I may seem to be a Royalist but I won't deny that seeing such interior of that palace only without the furniture made me understand the true problem of social justice pre-1952.
    Unfortunately , the Egyptian Republic and the presidents who came after king Farouk have not truly solved it.
    Again this is the palace only , you have not seen the Jewelry collection in it.
    Speaking about the Royal Family, again Princess Fatima Al-Zahra Haider was the daughter of Prince Ali Haider, the great grandson of Mohamed Ali Pasha and Socialite Zeinab Fahmy.
    Socialite Zeinab FahmyPrince Ali Haider
    There is no much about this man except that he loved Turkish and French poetry.
    I do not know much about Fatima Haider or her mother except that they had one hell of an expensive amazing taste.
    Personally, I think Fatima Haider was wealthier than many members of the Mohamed Ali-Royal Family because of her mother.
    Zeinab Fahmy descends from the Pre-1952 Filthy rich Fahmy family.
    Zeinab and her sisters Aziza and Aisha Fahmy were the daughters of famous Ali Pasha Fahmy, the head architect of the Royal palaces in Egypt.
    Both Aziza and Aisha Fahmy got two palaces that still are standing up till now high in Cairo and Alexandria.
    The Aziza Palace Fahmy in Sidi Bishr is still standing with its vast garden against the plan to turn it into a mega-7 stars ugly hotel complex.
    Aziza Fahmy Palace
    Aziza Fahmy's Palace standing among ugly modern building in defiance 
    There has been a bitter between the government represented in EGOTH and the remaining members of Fahmy family.
    Located directly on the Nile bank in Zamalek island, the Aisha Fahmy palace at the end of the 26th July street is owned by the ministry of culture.
    It has been renovated in the past few years. I do not know if people are allowed to visit it or not but it looks luxurious.
    Maybe, if Zeinab Fahmy did not die earlier, Fatima Haider's Palace would be named publicly after her.
    Now seeing the Fatima Haider Palace , I believe Aziza Fahmy palace should be turned into some sort of a Museum or a cultural center to spread awareness in the society.
    I am planning inshallah to visit the Fatima Haider's Palace again in the future to film it. 

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    Despite everybody was expecting something like this to happen but strangely when it happened on Wednesday, many were surprised.
    Hundreds of Egyptians in several governorates protested because of the lack of subsidized breads in bakeries.
    It started Tuesday afternoon in Alexandria when hundreds of protesters protested the decision of the supply ministry to reduce the quantity of subsidized bread quota to bakeries.
    The protests were in Eastern and Western parts of Alexandria in the working class areas. The protesters began to catch attention when they blocked the famous tram track
    In Alexandria: Protesters chant we want bread
    They also blocked the train track.

    In Alexandria : Protesters blocking the train track
    More videos coming from Alexandria showing that we are not speaking about small protests here or there.
    Strangely, nobody called for an organized protesting movement against the decision.
    Sooner, the protests transferred to other governorates.
    In Kafr El-Sheikh governorate, women blocked the train traffic in Desouk city for several hours. The security forces managed to convince them to end their protest.
    In Kafr El-Sheikh , protesters against the decision of the supply ministry
    In Giza, there were similar protests in Imbaba, the famous working class neighborhood.
    The protests reached Upper Egypt in the South. In Minya governorate, the people protested in several towns and villages.
    Surprisingly, this is the second day of protesting. The protests started on Monday but on a very small scale that no one paid attention to.
    In a rare wise move, the security avoided clashes with the protesters especially many of them were old ladies in popular working class areas and so any attack on them would result in a real violent reaction from the public.
    Instead of clashing with the public, the security forces distributed loaves of bread in Alexandria for free.
    Police distributing bread in Alexandria
    Police distributing bread in Alexandria 
    Sometimes, Egypt becomes a surreal country in its own way.
    I have not seen any reaction from the Pro-regime e-battalion about Tuesday's protests so far.
    "The_Break_uprising" hashtag in Arabic has been active and top trending in Egypt all day long.
    Ali Moselhy, the minister of supply held a press conference later Tuesday to defend his ministry's decision. Despite apologizing for citizens for the lack of bread in the bakeries, the Mubarak-era minister who made a comeback in the latest ministerial insisted the decision was right.
    This is just a small scene. Now, I wonder what will happen if more subsidized commodities are canceled as part of the IMF deal
    I think those who run this country should remember this fact: On 28 January 2011 , Egyptians chanted "Bread, Freedom and Social Justice".
    It started on Monday with demanding the bread

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  • 03/11/17--04:44: Me and Ultras "Asmahan"
  • From Nine years ago, I was like millions of Egyptians who watched admirably the TV series " Asmahan" which was based on the short life of famous Syrian Singer "Asmahan".
    Asmahan
    Asmahan
    Like any other talkative Egyptian who has an opinion about everything, I wrote a post about Asmahan and what I think about her based on the TV series and a couple of books as well articles I read.
    Up till now I get comments, mostly angry comments with threats from Asmahan "Ultras" fans.
    I used to comment back that this is my personal space and you can send back a post to defend your point of view so I can publish it.
    I have received another angry comment calling me names in the past 48 hours and it made me think about what I wrote from 9 years ago.
    I read the blog post on Friday and it is great to return back to read what I had written then and compared with what I think now.
    I can admit easily that I was harsh in my first opinion about Asmahan which was based upon a couple of books and a TV series.
    Asmahan's life was an enigma without a doubt.
    Just like from 9 years ago, I would say that even if a young lady living in the West had a similar life, she would be a legend and a talk of the town till our day.
    Just like from 9 years ago, I would say that she was a victim of a man's world starting from her father who abandoned her family in Cairo.
    Even the books wrote about her either demonizing her or making her the Mother Teresa were written about men.


    Just like from 9 years ago, I would say that that woman lived like there was no tomorrow.
    Just like from 9 years ago, I would say that her troublesome life and sudden death in addition to her voice turned her to a legend
    Just like from 9 years ago, I would say that Asmahan wanted to live like a Princess in Cairo.
    She was troubled person without a doubt.
    I feel that from 9 years ago that I tried to understand why a woman was gifted a voice like hers and beauty like hers as well opportunities in life whether as a singer in Egypt or as a Princess in Syria with her daughter ended like that. I feel that I was angry when she rejected those opportunities.
    Simply neither the famous shallow TV series nor the books I read then gave a logic answer especially when it comes to Asmahan, we are talking about politics, arts and Arab world in WWII.
     It is a toxic mix knowing just the names involved in the life of that woman who seemed lost between glamour, glory and freedom.
    What I failed to understand then is that she was not meant to have those opportunities.
    Her gifts from voice , beauty and lineage were also her curses that eventually led to her death if it was really a murder and not just a car accident.
    Why do I write this post now?
    Again, I read that post and I felt that I was harsh especially that I described her "Selfish".
    Now, I know that humans and life are complicated.
    To her angry fans in 2017,
    Chill and listen to her songs instead of attacking and threatening a talkative blogger like me who got a trashy blog like mine.
    You won't prove your point calling me names and Asmahan's legend won't be affected about what I wrote. 

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    On Wednesday the world celebrated the International Women's Day worldwide and as the usual our Egyptian media reminded us with all women's achievements especially in the time of President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi in a silly cold cliché.
    Governor Nadia Abdou 
    One of those achievements was in February when Nadia Abdou was appointed as the governor of Behaira governorate.
    Abdou is the first woman to be appointed as a governor in the history of modern Egypt.
    It is important thing indeed and the media is cheering up for the historical milestone.
    As much as I know this is a historical thing but I can not get past the fact that Nadia Abdou was a member of Mubarak's former National Democratic Party "NDP" and that she won a seat in the People's assembly in one of the most corrupted elections ever in 2010.
    Abdou does not deny the fact that she was a member of the NDP. In fact she claims that "three-quarters of Egypt" was NDPian during the Mubarak's role.
    Either ways, the NDPians are having a strong comeback whether in the parliament or government or media as we have seen lately.

    She was also accused of corruption when she was a CEO of the Water company in Alexandria from 2002 to 2012 and the workers of the company started an open sit-in demanding her dismissal in 2012.
    Interestingly, she was the first Arab woman to hold such position as the CEO for a water company.
    More interestingly, Abdou stated also in February that Prime minister Sheriff Ismail offered her to become the governor of Alexandria but she rejected the offer because "the governors of Alexandria were misfortunate" and "Alexandria has got huge problems like garbage that needs a lot of time !!"
    Al-Behaira is bigger in size than Alexandria and got difficult and different problems especially we got rural and industrial areas as well population that works in agriculture, fishing and industry.
    Also, Al-Behaira is considered a hot spot for illegal immigration especially in the city of Rosetta if You remember.
    What I am really concerned about is that Abdou may not be able to solve the governorate's problems if she follows the old ways.
    Thus publicly the idea of having a true woman governor will be rejected in the future and the conservatives will welcome that without a doubt.
    So far I have seen debates online about her gender aside from the Salafists. The debates are about her qualifications and her past experience mostly.
    There is still hope.
    Personally, I will consider having a woman governor is a true achievement and milestone in Egypt when the first woman is elected freely by the public.
    I will consider having a woman governor is a true achievement when it is not really a decoration.


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    El-Botroseya Church in Cairo

    Seen in Cairo: El-Botroseya Church aka St.Peter and St.Paul Church's renovation continues as its bell rings in one fine March afternoon.The church was a target of a cowardly terrorist bombing by Daesh that killed more than 26 people, mostly from old women and children in early December. Built in 1911, the church is located in the vicinity of Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Church, the seat of the Pope of the Orthodox Church.
    Here is a video showing the church and its bells. 
    Life goes on. 
    May God bless the souls of the victims of the bombing and bring solace to their families and friends. May God have mercy on our souls. 

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    On Thursday, Egypt's minister of antiquities Khaled Al-Anany announced that the newly discovered parts of a colossus statue for an ancient Egyptian king in a North Cairo did not belong to King Ramses II as initially announced and believed.
    The partial statue most probably belonged to 26-dynasty King Psamtik I, a less known pharaoh who actually did heroic things in his reign above them freeing Egypt from the Assyrian Empire and unifying it as well.
    Prince Henrik of Denmark stands beside the colossus at Egyptian museum in Cairo "Reuters"
    Prince Henrik of Denmark stands beside the colossus at Egyptian museum
    in Cairo last Thursday "Reuters" 
    The announcement puts an end of a very exciting Egyptian black comedy.
    It started on 9 March when the ministry of antiquities announced that two newly discovered ancient Egyptian statues were unearthed by a joint Egyptian-German archaeological mission from a mud pit at a Cairo local market "Souq Al-Khamis".
    "Souq Al-Khamis"  is located in populated working class Al-Matareya district, Ain Shams.
    According to the first statement issued by the ministry, the two new "19th dynasty" royal statues were found in "parts" in the vicinity of King Ramses II temple dedicated to the God of the sun in ancient Heliopolis "Oun".
    The statement described the first statue as an 80 cm tall bust of King Seti II carved in limestone with fine and clear facial features.
    On the other hand, the second statue is actually a 8 meters long bust carved in the strong quartzite.
    Lacking any engravings on that part bust identifying the statue's owner, the archeologists suggested it could be part of Ramses II's statue as it existed on what they believed to be Ramses II temple's entrance in the city of Oun. "Plus the late King loved having his statues everywhere"
    The Egyptian team described the discovery as very important because it showed that the sun temple was enormous with many huge statues and obelisks.
    The temple was damaged according to archeologists during the Greco-Roman and that many of its obelisks and colossi were transferred to Alexandria and Europe.
    Also during the Islamic era, the blocks of the temple's remains were used in building Cairo in the tenth century. 
    The whole world went mad on that day and the foreign media spoke about the new discovery of "Ramses II statue " despite archeologists said that "it could be Ramses II" only and we found sensational headlines like "Ozymandias returns back in a Cairo slum".
    Back in Cairo and its slums, it was something different because Egyptians were focusing on other things in that discovery for nearly four days other than the greatness of Ozymandias and how he ended up in ruins in a slum.

    As the photos and videos emerged from Matareya, many Egyptians were stunned and shocked to see one of the statues pulled out of the mud pit using a bulldozer.

    Yes, a bulldozer was used to dig the first part of the statue, its right ear and partial parts of his left ear and crown out of the mud pit.
    The bulldozer carrying the first part of the statue
    "Egypt's ministry of antiquities" 
    Despite most of those concerned Egyptians are not archeologists, they felt that there was something wrong. They even suspected that the bulldozer destroyed the statue into two halves.
    As Egyptians, we are used to seeing photos and videos of antiquities excavation and we have not seen that a bulldozer being used before.
    Photos of other past excavation operations were shared on the social media for four days showing how it is very delicate thing
    Personally, I was concerned that that bulldozer could destroy whatever beneath or beside that piece of a colossus causing a collapse but I thought at the same time that it could be the only way to pull such heavy thing.
    I knew that the there were two parts of the colossus already and the bulldozer is innocent of destroying them because I read both statements of the German commission in Egypt and the ministry.
    Still, we are speaking about an Egyptian ministry and Egyptian people usually mistrust their government.
    Needless to say , the antiquities ministry issued a statement defending on March 9 evening what had done.
    The ministry stated that bulldozer was used only to dig up the statue's head while the lower part was still in the mud.
    The statement added that the bulldozer did not affect the statue and it was used under the supervision of the German and the Egyptian archeologists.
    Next day the ministry published a statement by its former minister and renowned archeologist Zahi Hawass defending the way the Seti II was pulled by.
    Those concerned Egyptian citizens did not believe the ministry nor Hawass' statement and kept criticizing the ministry.
    The head of the German archeological mission Dr. Dietrich Raue also spoke and stated in a cute Upper Egyptian accent that it was completely correct to use the small bulldozer because the head was extremely heavy.

    Soon enough, renowned archeologist Monica Hanna spoke about the matter in a balanced way.
    " The lifting of the head statue seems to happen in a particularly difficult situation with (sewage) water all over the place. This water leaks into the area from the illegal buildings erected on the extension of the former archaeological site."
    She also added a very important remark.
    In normal archaeological practice, it is recommended to pump away the water before any operation. In addition, heavy objects are usually lifted using belts/ropes or are padded to avoid contact with the metal parts of the fork lift as there is always risk of shock however minimal during the difficult operation.
    In her statement Hanna raised a very important issue that was completely ignored by mainstream media as well the social media. It is the true problem in this whole matter.
    It turned out that both colossi were discovered in a former archeological land  that was ceded by the antiquities ministry to the ministry of endowment to build a new market for street vendors aka "Souq Al-Khamis" !!!!!!
    Yes, the Egyptian officials claimed at first that the area had no historical interest !!
    It is interesting because in 1990 this land or rather 54 fedans were under the antiquities ministry or rather the supreme council of antiquities because it is the location of ancient Oun city.
    Also , in 2005 the German archeologists started their excavation there and they found the remains of Oun temple as far as I read in 2006.
    That location already fell under the curse of illegal construction violations as you see from the footage and photos with all those surrounding red brick informal building.
    In July 2014, I found in the news archives that Cairo governor and ministers of endowment and antiquities  how to better invest in those fedans !!!
    They agreed to build a market called "Khamis market" to solve the traffic and street vendors problems in Matareya there !!
    Ironically that 2014 news spoke aboutGerman archeological mission searching for artifacts in the area that would finish its work within 5 or 3 months !!
    Realistically speaking I thinking the German archeological mission could not finished its work in Matareya due to the deadly clashes between Pro-Morsi supporters from local residents and security forces in that year.
    Tens of people died as I remember in 2014 there.
    The news also spoke about parts of the old Oun city were found there while building that new market and its related buildings !!!!
    Another news from 9 February 2017, I found endowment ministry wanted to hire consultants for its market project.
    One month before the discovery , the government was just thinking about its market there with its 323 shops and 264 residential unit !!
    Anyhow , the people and the media ignored and focused on the bulldozer fiasco and the locals of Matareya !!
    The locals of Matareya dared to act in a simple way with the remains of the mighty rulers of Egypt.
    Some people were angry on how the simple kids acted and took selfies with the Ozymandias' supposed head with their slippers.
    The Children playing around the statue
    The children playing with the head of the statue "Sada El-Balad"
    They were angry how the yellow caution tape did not stop the people of Matareya from taking photos with that head normally.
    The yellow caution tape
    The yellow caution tape surrounding the head "Al-Masry Al-Youm"
    They were angry how a Spider-man blanket covered the head.
    Covering the head of the statue with children's blanker
    In a surreal scene, the workers wrapped a Spider-man around the head
    From Twitter

    I love those photos.
    Four days later, Egyptians had another date with the Matareya and its Khamis market full of antiquities.
    The German Egyptian archeological mission succeeded in lifting the second part of the statue from a pit in a North Cairo district and it was a big cheerful scene.
    There were no bulldozers used this time. A big crane with bedded ropes was used in the correct way to lift up the second part of Ramses II statue which almost weights 3 tones alone.
    According to the Egyptian officials, the German and Egyptian prepared for the lifting operation since Sunday. Some of the archeologists and workers wore gloves.
    Lifting the rest of statue by a crane and ropes "Egypt's ministry of antiquities
    Lifting the rest of statue by a crane and ropes
    "Egypt's ministry of antiquities" 
    Expert workers who got experience in dealing with antiquities were brought up from Qift city, Qena.
    As their neighborhood became a scene for an event followed by the whole world, the local residents watched the scene. Many of them were excited.
    I see in the videos many kids skipped school on Monday watching and cheering for the late Pharaoh in some surreal scene. The kids and teenagers chanted Ultras-alike chants for Ramses II !!!
    I think the famous king would love those chants !!
    Boldly, minister of antiquities Khaled Annay claimed that he refused the use of the bulldozer respecting the feelings of Egyptians only !! I do not know what to say but let's agree on a fact here.
    Social media plays a role in delivering public opinions to officials.
    Both colossi were transferred to the Egyptian Museum in Tahrir square for restoration before making one last journey to the Grand Egyptian museum in the future
    King Pstamik I returned back to life again.
    On the other hand , Matareya and its people are ignored once again in the media.

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    Happy Mother Day.
    Today we celebrate the Mother Day in Egypt.
    There is no better mother to remember on that special day than Isis.
    The original and first mother of Egypt.
    Ancient Egyptian Goddess Isis nursing Horus
    A collection of Isis at the Egyptian museum in Cairo 

    Happy mother day from Egyptian Chronicles to mothers around the globe and not only Egypt

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    On Thursday, Egypt's Cairo criminal court set April 20 to declare its final verdict in the trial of Beladi Foundation, which is known in the media as "the case of Aya Hegazy".
    Originally, the court set March 23 for its final verdict but decided to adjourn it to April 20 as it was waiting for "the technical experts' " report about the case.
    The 29-years old and her husband Mohamed Hassanein as well the rest of defendants in the trial are accused of who are accused of human trafficking, kidnapping, and the sexual exploitation and torture of street children in Beladi Foundation.
    It is worth to mention that according to official forensic reports in the case, the children did not suffer from any sexual abuse.
    Just like in their previous session on February 14, Aya Hegazy and her husband Mohamed Hassenein's photos together in the court room's cage went viral like fire throughout the weekend.
    You can see why they had gone viral.
    The hug between Hassenein and Hegazy inside the cage
    "By Mostafa Bassim Adly
    Hasseinein and Hegazy in the cage
    Hasseinein and Hegazy in the cage
    "By Mostafa Bassim Adly"


    Hasseinein and Hegazy in the cage
    Hasseinein and Hegazy in the cage
    by Mostafa Bassim Adly 
    Hasseinein and Hegazy in the cage
    Hasseinein and Hegazy in the cage
    by Mostafa Bassim Adly 

    Still, those photos did not stop me as much the photo of Aya while reading a book inside the cage before Hassenein's arrival.
    Aya was reading Maya Angelou's 1960s autobiography "I know why the caged bird sings".
    Aya reading Maya Angelou's book
    Aya reading Maya Angelou's book
    by Youm7
    I think in her detention since 2014, Hegazy knows why the caged bird sings.

    The upcoming legal scenarios

    Realistically speaking, these are the expected scenarios when it comes to the verdict in the trial of "Beladi Foundation" and its members specifically Aya.
    First scenario: Aya Hegazy and her team will be acquitted "I hope that this will happen inshallah"
    Second scenario: Aya Hegazy and her team will be found guilty and sentenced to jail for a number of years. "Heavens forbid"
    Legally, it will be a first-degree order and can be appealed in front of the appeal court. It will take months to the court of appeal reaches to decision to accept the appeal or reject it.
    If the court accepts the appeal, then it will send back the case to the criminal court to start from all over again.

    If the trial ends in another jail sentence "mostly reduced according to previous cases" then it will head to the cassation court whether to accept the appeal and orders a retrial.
    If the court rejects the appeal and upheld the sentence, then I think it will head to the court of cassation but it can take years till the cassation court reaches to a verdict.
    The cassation court is considered the final stage in our judicial system in Egypt.
    Legally, the Presidential pardon for both Egyptians and Non-Egyptians are possible after the court of cassation's stage.

    I believe if Aya is not acquitted in any of the previously mentioned steps above, then Abdel Fattah El-Sisi as a president can issue his pardon as she is an American citizen.
    She and her team can also be pardoned through the Presidential committee organized by the Presidency to look into the case of the Youth imprisoned because of a political issue.
    I think Aya Hegazy needs more noise because even though she is an American-Egyptian citizen, I do not think that the U.S administration now will care that much like before.

    Yes, members of the US embassy attended the last two sessions from the trial but I do not know if the current U.S administration got the enthusiasm to help their dual nationality U.S citizens.
    Already El-Sisi is going to visit Washington D.C next week in his first visit to the U.S capital to meet president Donald Trump.   

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    Stanley Bridge

    Seen in Alexandria: Once again the famous Stanley bridge at night.
    It was built in the late 1990s over Stanley bay and became another landmark in the Mediterranean sea city after its inauguration in 2001
    And a nice couple of photos for Stanley bridge after the break.


    Alexandria's Stanley bridge
    Stanley Bridge at night

    Alexandria's Stanley bridge
    Stanely Bridge at night 

    Here is a very rare photo showing Stanley bay and beach without the bridge in the 1930s.
    Stanley bay without a bridge
    Stanely Bay without a bridge
    You can think villas and green gardens in the 1930s photo. Those villas and gardens disappeared and ugly cement buildings built instead.
    Stanely Beach is still popular destination thought.
    The Stanely beach is known for its cabins which you can rent. I do not know how you can rent them or from where.
    Stanely bay and beach without the bridge
    Stanely bay and beach without the bridge
    A trivia: Stanely bridge is turned into a Love lock bridge on the Valentine's Day whether the international day or the Egyptian day.
    Read more about my visit to Alexandria in May. I think you probably got bored of it but guess what !? There are couple of photos I have not shared about Alex 

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    Earlier Wednesday, Jordan's Dead Sea witnessed the start of the 28th Arab summit and it was the perfect location for such annual farce.
    It was really a Dead man's summit in the Dead Sea
    Or like how Iyad El-Baghdadi described the summit
    Dead men speaking in a dead summit of dead organization in the lowest place on this planet
    Now here is a summary of the summit:
    The  Prince of Kuwait slammed the Arab spring claiming that its revolutions brought terrorism and misery to the region
    The old prince slept afterward during the speeches of other leaders.
    Sleeping prince of Kuwait
    The prince of Kuwait after attacking the Arab spring 
    He was not alone as other leaders slept as usual in the summit.
    Yemeni president Abdrabbuh Mansour El-Hady slept as if his country was suffering its worst crisis since the infamous Yemen wars in the 1960s.
    Yemeni president
    Yemeni President had a nap in the summit
    Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas aka Abu Mazen whose presidential term was over many years ago also had a nap. 

    Abu Mazen
    Abu Mazan and his nap time 
    Even the President of Djbouti , which most of the Arabs do not that it is Arab country slept during that boring session of the Arab summit 
    President Ismail Omar of Djibouti in the summit
    President Ismail Omar of Djibouti in the summit 
    Sisi spoke about terrorism, Libya and Syria. Nothing new at all.
    The prince of Qatar Tamim spoke indirectly about the Muslim brotherhood.
    The Lebanese president and ex-war criminal Michel Aoun spoke about how bad wars are.
    The 80-years old fell on his face while he was on his way to stand for that photo.

    El-Sisi was not standing in the middle of the photo as the Egyptian presidents used to do.
    He stood at the far left besides Omar El-Bashir.
    The Gulf leaders stood in the Middle beside King Abdullah II of Jordan.
    The Arab summit in Jordan
    The Arab leaders attending the summit "Reuters"
    Sadly, Egypt and its president were the talk of the media as Abdel Fattah El-Sisi and the Egyptian delegation stormed out of the summit while the Prince of Qatar was giving his speech.
    Updated:
    According to Journalists who attended the meeting, Sisi and the delegation had to leave to attend the meeting with King Salman and he did not intend to leave while Prince Tamim of Qatar was speaking.
    Ironically, Pro-Sisi supporters are claiming that he intended to leave.
    Egypt is bigger than this and its president should realize that.
    We were taught since our childhood that Egypt is the leader of the Arab countries. Those actions say otherwise.
    Interestingly El-Sisi held a small meeting with King Salman in what could be a reconciliation between them exchanging invitations to visit each other country.
    Now, I am extremely worried about the fate of the two Egyptian islands Tiran and Sanafir.
    Needless to say, I think millions of Arabs are missing Qaddafi's wild shows live in the Arab summits.
    No Arab leader has dared to visit the Zatari camp like UN secretary general Antonio Guterres before or after the summit.
    No Arab leader has spoken about what happened to Rima Khalaf and how she resigned from her position as the Executive secretary of the United Nationals Economic and Social Commission for Western"ESCWA".
    Khalaf resigned after Guterres asked her to withdraw an "ESCWA" report classifying Israel as an apartheid state.
    No Arab leader dared to speak about the famine in Yemen or Somalia
    I think they are afraid of doing so.
    They agreed that they support the Arab peace initiative and the two states solution when it comes to Palestine.
    They want a Palestinian state on the 1967 borders with East Jerusalem as its capital.
    They are against terrorism and support political solution in Syria as well...Libya
    Needless to say, I doubt if the world followed that summit for real.
    Let's be realistic, the Brexit is much more important and more interesting than a bunch of old Arab leaders, mostly dictators gathered to discuss the same old topics.

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    The Egyptian two red sea islands are back to the court on Sunday in Cairo as the Urgent matters said the Egypt's Supreme administrative court had no jurisdiction over the decision to hand Tiran and Sanafir islands to Saudi Arabia in a new episode of the Isles saga.

    The urgent court's verdict does not say whether the isles are Egyptian or Saudi but it says that the Supreme Administrative court has no jurisdiction over the whole matter.
    President Sisi and King Salman at the Dead sea last week
    "SPA" 
    Thus, it annuals accordingly the Supreme Administration Court's final Non-appealable verdict in January rejecting the government's appeal and upholding the original verdict to annual the Egyptian Saudi demarcation deal.
    In case you forget from a year ago , in April 2016 the Egyptian and Saudi governments announced a new maritime demarcation deal, by which places the strategic Tiran and Sanafir Red Sea island under Saudi sovereignty.
    In last December and against the court orders and public rejections, the Egyptian government sent the agreement to the Parliament to approve it.
    In January, the Supreme administrative court issued its historical verdict annulling the agreement.
    Despite the court orders, the government or rather the regime is insisting on going forward with the deal and decided to challenge the verdict in front of the court of urgent matter as well the Supreme Constitutional court directly and indirectly.

    What do I mean about "indirectly"?
    Well, I mean lawsuits filed by concerned citizens against the Supreme Administrative Court's verdict  with no direct relation to the government just like our case here.
    Suddenly, we found "concerned citizen" and lawyer Ashraf Farahat filling a lawsuit in front of Cairo Urgent Matters court claiming that the Supreme Administrative court has no jurisdiction over the Islands case.
    Already it is a known game for the government since the time of Mubarak and his National Democratic Party "NDP", if the administrative court annuls the results of parliamentary elections, a concerned citizen goes to the court of urgent matters to stop this verdict.
    Do not ask about the legality or constitutionality of this because the law and the constitution are the last things to be respected in this matter.


    Now, there is huge ...let's be polite and say misunderstanding here because all lawyers as well the judges and legal experts say that anyone read a book of law and courts in Egypt knows very well that the court of Urgent court has no jurisdiction whether legally or constitutionally over the Supreme Administrative court especially it is a supreme court.
    The lawyers and judges who spoke only say that the Urgent matters court's verdict should be totally ignored because it is void.

    This what I have heard from lawyers involved in the original Tiran and Sanafir case.
    Here is Khaled Ali from the original team of lawyers that sued the Egyptian state over the islands speaking about Sunday's verdict.

    A summary of what he said in the long post
    The Urgent matters court's verdict does not represent any danger constitutionally or legally on Tiran and Sanafir islands because they are beyond its jurisdiction legally even if will issue 100 verdicts. Yet the danger for real is sending the agreement to the of Representatives where it will be approved. This will help Saudi Arabia in winning the international arbitration as it has the approval of the executive and legislative  authorities; the thing that will make its position internationally. Do not pay attention to urgent matter court's verdict as all the attempts to pass the agreement in the House of Representatives as well the attempts of the regime to ignore the supreme administrative court.
    This is what I fear of. After this urgent matters court's verdict, the House of Representatives will pass the demarcation agreement very soon claiming that they are not breaking the law or the Constitution.

    On Monday, Khaled Ali and his team declared that he filed a lawsuit at the Administrative Court to stop the verdict of the Urgent Matters Court. On Tuesday, he announced the Administrative court set 18 April to look in to his appeal against the urgent Matter courts. 
    Now this is fast as it usually takes more time to set the date but let's say for real that the Administrative court is really angry.

    Not only this court ruling comes days after the meeting between Sisi and Salman in Jordan but it also comes amidst a big fight between the state and judiciary over the Judicial authorities draft law as well a fight within judicial authorities themselves over jurisdiction.
    The House of Representatives already approved the controversial draft law last week and since then the Judges club as well State council club are extremely angry and their boards are meeting in order to see how they escalate the matter.
    Unlike 2005, the Judges club seems unwilling to clash with the regime at the current moment and proposed a meeting between its head and President El-Sisi after his return from the States.

    Back to Cairo and the isles.
    When the court of urgent matters was founded in the time of Mubarak, it was made reportedly to overcome the slowness of judiciary and courts in urgent matters like for instance stopping an eviction order for instance but not to speak about a national sovereignty matter.
    Anyhow it seems that the regime is really in a hurry to seal the deal with Saudi Arabia after that meeting between Sisi and Salman in the Dead Sea Summit last week.
    The meeting comes after some gestures of good willing showed from both sides, like for instance the Saudi Aramco's decision to restore oil exports to Egypt in March.

    Ironically, the fact that such court's verdict came right after the meeting enforced that impression in the gulf that the Egyptian judiciary is not independent and that all what El-Sisi's regime really or unfortunately the Egyptians are money.
    Just look at the Dubai-based CNN Arabic tweet about the news:
    "After days following the meeting between Sisi and King Salman, a court ruling returns Tiran and Sanafir to Saudi Arabia !!"
    Egypt is not small and Egyptians are not cheap. I have been scrolling down the "#Tiran_and_Sanafir_are_Saudi" which has been worldwide trending and I felt so angry on how Egypt and Egyptians are being insulted in that hashtag.

    There is a Question in mind now: Does this deal worth bringing down judiciary like that ??
    The Saga goes on. Next episode at the Supreme Constitutional court if the parliament does not pass over the isles to the Kingdom by next week !!! 

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    The Naval unknown soldier memorial of Alexandria

    Seen in Alexandria : The Naval unknown Solider Memorial.
    Originally built as memorial to Khedive Ismail by the Italian community in Alex , the memorial's status changed to become for Egypt 's fallen Naval soldiers after the 1952 coup/revolution exactly in 1964.
    There used to be a statue for the Khedive in the middle. It was removed and transferred to Alexandria's faculty of art.
    The Memorial is under the supervision and care of Egypt's Navy forces.
    Alexandria hosts Egypt's main naval bases for its navy fleet.

    From Instagram's Egyptian Chronicles 

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    I want to write about that war crime in Syria as well El-Sisi's historical visit to D.C
    I also want to finish that report about the new media empires in Egypt and at the same time upload tons and tons of pictures and videos to share with you.
    Yet suddenly something happens in Egypt to change all your plans.
    The Mysterious SMS
    The SMS 
    On Tuesday evening, many Egyptians got on their mobile phones a strange news SMS that in other countries can turn things upside down.
    At 9.41 PM Cairo local time, Subscribers of Al-Watan Daily Newspaper' Breaking News SMS service received a message claiming that Pro-Ahmed Shafik army commanders started a military coup.
    Yes, the subscribers of the Pro-regime Daily Newspaper got that SMS puzzling them. The country was quiet and everything was normal on Wednesday. Yes, the President is abroad but things are calm.
    Honestly, I was worried that something would happen at night.
    President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi is currently visiting Washington and he met with Trump on Monday.
    Soon, Al-Watan newspaper said that its Breaking News SMS service was hacked and hacker sent that SMS.
    The newspaper's publisher Mohamed Al-Amin is said to be currently in the United States as part of the media delegation covering El-Sisi's visit to D.C. I can imagine him after knowing what happened back in Cairo.
    The newspaper's editors appeared on TV channels claiming that that was an attempt by those "evil people" to distract the people from Sisi's successful visit.
    On Wednesday, the former Presidential candidate spoke from Dubai on air on Dream TV 2 stating he knew nothing about that "Al-Watan SMS" describing it as a "childish act" that should be investigated.


    Ahmed Shafik speaking about the SMS
    He also denied rumors that he was suffering from Alzheimer.
    Interestingly, Shafik said that he did not "make up" his mind about the upcoming presidential elections in 2018.
    Shafik is still considered a rival to Abdel Fattah El-Sisi.
    Already on Thursday, we found Pro-regime Youm 7 newspaper managing editor and conspiracy for hinting that "he may run in the upcoming 2018 presidential elections". El-Hawary said in his interesting Op-ed that Shafik belonged to a corrupted regime aka Mubarak regime that faced a huge revolution !!! Yes, El-Hawary who says 25 January revolution is a conspiracy; describes it as a huge revolution.
    Ahmed Shafik in UAE
    Ahmed Shafik in UAE 
    theorist Dandrawy El-Hawary slamming the former PM
    Interestingly, the infamous managing editor separates between the Egyptian armed forces and that regime and do not even ask.
    Anyhow, I wonder who was behind that strange SMS !??? Already that hacker had million other fake news that could turn Egypt upside down and yet he or she chose that coup SMS.
    Why did they choose Shafik? Does Shafik still have supporters in the army in the first place?
    There are many questions in my mind.
    Speaking about Shafik, there is one million dollars question that is needed to be asked
    When will Ahmed Shafik return from his self-exile in UAE?
    The man has not got any legal problem to stop him from coming to Egypt and yet he is still staying in UAE.
    Also, why is the media ignoring that strange SMS? 

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  • 04/09/17--16:55: The Black Palm Sunday
  • This Sunday, millions of Christians around the globe celebrated the Palm Sunday and the start of the Holy Week. In Egypt and the Arab world, Arab Christians and Churches call the Holy week in Arabic "The Pains week".
    This Sunday was officially the start of "Pains week" in Coptic Orthodox Churches in Egypt in a sad irony.
    From Tanta's Cathedral
    From Tanta's Cathedral 
    As you may have known, two Egyptian Churches were attacked earlier in two different cities during the Palm Sunday. At least 40 people killed and over 100 others were injured in both attack.
    At 9.05 AM Tanta local time, the first explosion took place at St.George Cathedral in Tanta city.
    According to early reports, the explosion took place at the first and front rows full of men during the Palm Sunday service.

    Already the Palm Sunday service started at 6 AM and should have ended at 12 PM.
    It never ended because of the explosion that killed over 29 people and injured not less 70 others.

    The victims include a judge, some members of the Church Choir, grandfathers and fathers.

    The photos resurfaced  online showed horrifying scenes. Reports also came speaking about a severe head that most probably belongs to the Suicide bomber.

    The St. George Cathedral is considered the biggest church in the Nile Delta governorate. 

    From Tanta's Cathedral
    The victims of Tanta bombing from
    Tanta Cathedral 
    Interestingly , from 12 days ago the Cathedral which hosts the bishopric of Tanta spoke about how security forces dealt with unknown suspicious object found in front of it.

    News reports claim that that object was actually a bomb that had been defused.
    Tensions erupted later between the families of the victims and the security forces.
    The head of Tanta security directorate was beaten badly the angry people inside the Church.
    After that, he was sacked from his post. 
    It only took three or four hours I believe when a second explosion took place and that time it was in Alexandria.
    The bombing that time turned to be at St.Marks Cathedral in Alexandria, one of the most important churches for Egyptian Coptic Christians.
    Already this church is considered the mother church of the Coptic Church.
    Unlike Tanta's Cathedral, the explosion took place outside St. Marks Cathedral as the suicide bomber was stopped at the metal detector. The man blew up himself killing at least 11 people including the police force assigned to protect the Cathedral
    Luckily , the man was stopped because Pope Tawadros II was inside the Cathedral leading the Palm Sunday service along a number of prominent Coptic Church men.
    The Coptic church says that Pope Tawadros II left moments before the attack but the Egyptian ministry of interior says that he was inside it when the attack happened.
    I just can't imagine what happened if that suicide bomber went inside the Cathedral during the service and blew up himself.  
    Among the victims that have been killed in the attack three Egyptian policewomen. This is the first time Egyptian policewomen are killed on duty and in a terrorist attack.
    Those ladies were standing the police force at the cathedral to inspect women church goers.
    The strength of the explosion in the streets affected the old buildings in the heart of Alexandria.

    Daesh and its statements as well warnings

    Daesh claimed responsibility for the attacks in a very short time compared to similar large attacks in other cities.
    First , it issued a very small statement on its news agency Amaq which quoted a "security source " in their so-called Islamic City claiming responsibility for the attacks in Alexandria and Gharbia through their social media channels Cairo afternoon.
    Then they released one of their blue-red statements with more details about the attacks.
    a couple of sneakers found at the explosion site in the Tanta Cathderal 
    According to Daesh, two Suicide bombers were behind the attack in Tanta and Alexandria killing and injuring 190 Egyptian Christians.
    The terrorist group that "Abu Baraa Al-Masry" was the suicide bomber in Alexandria bombing while "Abu Isahak Al-Masry" was the suicide bomber in Tanta.
    The group renewed its bloody vow that it would continue attacking the Egyptian Christians in the country in the end of the statement.
    Interestingly the group did not mention that "Abu Baraa Al-Masry" technically failed in his mission thankfully because he blew himself outside the Church itself. 
    Daesh already claimed its responsibility for El-Botroseya Church's bombing in December.
    It also released in February a-20-minutes video statement vowing more attacks against Egyptian Christians as well calling its supporters in Egypt to launch attacks against.
    That video came at the same time, hundreds of Egyptian Christian families were forced to leave their homes in North Sinai after a terrorist killing spree targeting.
    Aside from the silly reasons mentioned in the infamous Daesh video attacking Christians allegedly because of their support to the regime and so-called dominance on the Egyptian economy, I believe the terrorist organization has got other reasons behind the Palm Sunday attacks.
    I think whenever Daesh loses areas in Syria and Iraq , it diverts attention with operations in Egypt.
    It is worth to mention that their affiliated group in North lost important areas they used to control to the Egyptian army.
    It is not a propaganda but the Egyptian armed forces indeed won control and purged Al-Halal mount in Middle Sinai from militants last month.
    Also, it is a must to hint out that in March , one of the original founders of Ansar Beit Al-Maqdis Salem Salmy was killed in an airstrike by the Egyptian armed forces. Salmy was from the original militants in Sinai that started their operations against the Egyptian regime in 2005 with the "Tawheed and Jihad" group before changing the name and affiliation several times till becoming Daesh-affiliated in November 2014.
    Last week. Daesh announced the death of Salmy in one of its English publications saying that he died from his wounds following the airstrikes.
    This is not the first time Daesh-affiliated group attacks targets outside North Sinai. I am fed up with self-claimed terrorism experts and geopolitics analysts claiming in mainstream and social media that those attacks  mean the infamous militant group transferred its activity from North Sinai to the Valley of the Nile.
    Since 2014 , Ansar Beit Al-Maqdis aka Daesh affiliated group has been active in the valley in a very scary way.
    People forgot that that group stood behind the Cairo and Mansoura security directorates as well the attempt to assassinate former minister of interior Ahmed Ibrahim !!
    They got a very scary of operations in the valley but people forget.
    Still, I must say that since December 2016 and the bombing of Botroseya church their targets shifted to include citizens aka the Egyptian Christians.
    The fact we are speaking about a coordinated attack that happened on special day in two different governorates show that we are in front of high level of planning and cells that have not been discovered.
    I do not know if Pope Tawadros II was the real target in the second attack or it came by luck.

    The president reacts

    Following the attacks, President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi held a meeting for the National Defense council.During the meeting , he issued his orders to army to deploy its units to protect vital facilities and buildings in Egypt.
    After many hours of meeting, He addressed the public on TV declaring the emergency status in the country for three months.
    He has to get the approval of the House of Representatives according to the Constitution within a week following his declaration. It is not a big problem, he will get by tomorrow.
    I got many questions to ask but I am so tired, angry, frustrated and I have to get some good sleep.
    May God bless the martyrs of today.

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    Among the 46 martyrs killed who lost their lives in those suicide bombing attacks targeting Egyptian Christians in Tanta and Alexandria on Palm Sunday.
    Those three ladies are the first Egyptian policewomen to die on duty as well in a terrorist attack.
    Here is a quick post with the names and pictures of those ladies.

    Police Colonel Nagwa El-Hagar

    The first woman to die in that horrifying suicide attack was Colonel Nagwa Abdel Allim El-Hagar.
    Colonel Nagwa
    Late Colonel Nagwa with her son 

    Abdel was married to a police general and had two young. The eldest son is a police officer as well.
    Sadly , it turned out that her second son died in less than a year. He joined the police academy like his father, mother and brother.
    Her younger son passed away while training in a sports club in Alexandria.
    He did not die in a terrorist attack as some Pro-Police/army/Sisi/regime Facebook pages claimed.

    Police corporal Asmaa Hussein

    Police corporal Asmaa Ibrahim
    Police corporal Asmaa Ibrahim 
    Asmaa Hussein used to work in the police force at Alexandria port but because it was her fate, she was assigned to the police force at the Cathedral.
    Asmaa Hussein was a wife and a mother of two girls "Sandy" and Rodina". Unfortunately, Asmaa left Rodina as a baby.

    Police corporal Amina Roshdy

    Police corporal Amina Roshdy
    Police corporal Amina Roshdy
    This young lady was supposed to get married next month.
    Those ladies were part of the police force assigned to protect the St.Marks Cathedral during Palm Sunday.
    They were assigned to inspect women going to the Church.
    All those ladies are Muslim and wearing headscarves as you can tell.
    I believe that late Police Colonel Nagwa El-Haggar and Police Corporal Asama Hussein were the two ladies who appeared in the Cathedral taking behind the suicide bomber.
    According to news reports, the body of Asama Hussein was badly damaged as she was close to the suicide bomber with few steps away.
    Here is the CCTV showing the two policewomen speaking before the suicide bomber blew up himself up.
    I mostly criticize the Egyptian police and their actions on this blog but I can't ignore the sacrifices of those ladies. 

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    Late Sunday following the terrorist attacks on Egyptian Orthodox cathedrals that killed at least 46 in Alexandria and Tanta, President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi held an urgent meeting for Egypt's National Defense council.

    Hours following the meeting, El-Sisi addressed the Egyptian people in a recorded speech telling to "bear the pain" criticizing at the same time the terrorist attack's coverage in mainstream media.
    He also announced that he gave his orders to the Egyptian armed forces to help the police in protect vital infrastructures and facilities.

    Then President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi announced the emergency law in Egypt after following the legal conditions

    Once again, we are back to the emergency law.
    Technically, we lived under emergency law in Egypt in most of our lives in the 20th Century.
    We have been living under the state of emergency for the past 83 years. From the 1910s till 2010s, we got only 17 years in total we have lived without the state of emergency.

    It is like a curse left by the British occupation just like the infamous bureaucracy that we can not get rid of it.
    On Monday, PM Ismail Sherif announced that State of emergency would be in effect starting at 1 PM Cairo local nationwide.
    At the same time, he announced that he sent to the House of Representatives asking its members to approve the State of emergency.
    Abdel Fattah El-Sisi
    President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi on Sunday at the National
    defense council meeting "Egyptian Presidency" 
    According to the constitution's article no.154, the House of Representatives must approve within 7 days on the State of emergency.
    Just as all the country expected on Monday that the parliament would approve the state of emergency, its speaker and MPs surprised us by sending the Tiran and Sanafir agreement to the legislative committee and approving the amendments to the protest law.
    Yup, against all odds the Parliament speaker sent the Tiran and Sanafir agreement to the legislative at 2.05 PM Cairo despite the High Administrative court order.


    Needless to say, protesting the Egyptian Saudi demarcation deal will be like a mission impossible during the state of emergency publicly.
    It also approved the new amendments to the controversial protest law.

    On Tuesday, the majority of the parliament as expected approved in an initial vote the emergency law as well its amendments without any serious discussion.

    It is enough to know that the parliament speaker Ali Abdel Aal said that the time of "normal laws" was over and it was the time of "exceptional laws".
    The professor of Constitution who also participated in writing the current constitution also added that the "interests of the nation" came "first" before any "constitution" or "law".
    This sounds more than alarming.

    The parliament sent the emergency law and its amendments to the State council to revise it. Then, it will return back to the parliament for a final vote.
    Nevertheless, since 1 PM Monday afternoon, it has been in effect across the country.
    The state council's role here is advisory.

    What can happen in the state of emergency?

    Theoretically speaking, the conditions and terms of applying state of emergency in the 2014-Constitution are improved comparing to previous constitutions.
    For instance, the state of emergency in 2012-constitution would be applied for six months while in 2014-constitution we are speaking about three months only.
    But and here is a big but, we are speaking about the state of emergency at the end of the day. It can affect the country badly in three months just either ways and there are many examples
    For instance:
    •  According to the amendments approved by the parliament on Tuesday, detentions can occur without warrants and outside of cases in flagrante delicto.
    • The amendments allow indefinite temporary detentions.
    You can read in details in Mada Masr more about those amendments. These are the amendments alone.
    Moving to the law itself, here are few examples.  :
    • The law allows the trial of civilians in front of "special courts" aka "Emergency High state security court" upon the orders of the President who has the right to appoint army officers in the judges' panel of those courts.
    • The law gives the president the power to refer defendants in any criminal cases to those courts.
    • The Emergency high state security court's verdicts can not be appealed. Only the president has the right to pardon or overturn or reduce the sentences of those courts.
    • The law allows the authorities to withdraw weapons' licenses.
    • The law allows the State to impose curfews, to evacuate and to cordon areas according to the written or oral orders of the president.
    • The law allows the President to oversee all means of telecommunication and media as well confiscating newspapers and magazines.
    • The law allows the government to oversee social media networks and shutting down accounts. 
    This is just a glimpse of what can happen.
    Ironically and sadly, the government does not need that law or its amendments as it already allows itself to detain people indefinitely in temporary pre-trial detention and it confiscates newspapers with the law.
    Also, many people including myself wondered Why El-Sisi and the government did not apply the new Counterterrorism law when it got very similar articles especially the president's powers and the answer is in those words "Emergency high state security court".
    Yes, the only difference between the two laws that the old emergency law got special courts whereas the new counterterrorism depends on the current courts in the country.
    I am extremely worried about that state of emergency.
    Terrorists do not care if the country applies state of emergency or not. They do not recognize our laws already.

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    Move aside dear Signal because it seems that Apple's FaceTime is blocked in the country as well.
    Since the beginning of the week, Apple's iPhone users in Egypt reported that they can not FaceTime in the country anymore.
    I tried twice with a friend of mine two days in a row and found the following:
    Apple's FaceTime and its big moment in the Middle East
    last year in Turkey
    You can call your contact whether using video or voice chat and he or she will receive that call.
    Once he or she answers the call, you can not see or hear her or him.
    You can see yourself only if you are having a video chat.
    This is what we have concluded from our experience.
    We tried this on TEData Wi-Fi and Orange mobile networks.
    I do not know about Etisalat and Vodafone thought.
    If you are iPhone user in Egypt , please try it and share your experience in the comments section. 

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    First, Happy Easter everybody :)
    We are still with the state of emergency in Egypt. I forgot to mention in the first post about that Emergency law a very important piece of information.
    State of emergency
    President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi declared the state of emergency applied the state of emergency in North Sinai governorate only in October 2014 following the IS-affiliated Anser Beit Al-Maqdis on the Egyptian army checkpoints killing at least 33 army personnel.
    Needless to say, the current sad situation in North Sinai and the daily terrorist attacks there prove that the State of emergency is a failure.
    It is a daily living example.
    The terrorists do not give a damn about the state of emergency or any of our laws. The brainwashed suicide bombers won't be stopped by the state of emergency.
    Already, the state of emergency during the time of Mubarak did not stop the terrorists in the 1980s or 1990s for God's sake.
    Also,  many legal and constitutional experts voiced concerns that the Constitution is being violated by continuous never ending State of emergency.
    According to them, Constitution article no.154 which says that the parliament should approve the declaration of state of emergency for three months and that it can be extended for another three months only. I lost counting how many times El-Sisi declared the state of emergency in North Since October 2014.
    This is not the only constitution violation when we speak about the state of emergency.
    It turned out that President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi declared the state of emergency on last Sunday "9 April 2017" and that declaration was published in the official Egyptian state's Gazette on Monday "10 April 2017" without the approval of the House of Representatives. The parliament should have approved the declaration of the state of emergency first before publishing it in the official gazette.
    The House of Representatives approved it on Tuesday "10 April 2017".
    I think the new amendments in the 1958-emergency law concerning the detention with an arrest warrant also violated the constitution.
    Now Here is a timeline of Emergency law in Egypt since the British occupation.

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    And this is one Happy Easter indeed :)
    Cairo's criminal court acquitted Aya Hijazi, her husband and the rest of the defendants in the "Beladi foundation" trial earlier Sunday after three years in detention on charges of several charges including human trafficking and sexual exploitation of street children.
    This is one of the best news I have heard recently.
    Aya Hijazi
    Aya Hijazi smiling to her husband Hassanein inside the court's cage
    "Reuters" 
    The 29-years old Aya Hijazi, her husband Mohamed Hassanein and the 6 other member team were accused of trafficking, kidnapping, and the sexual exploitation and torture of children.
    The George Mason University graduate and her team were arrested in May 2014.
    For the Past 33 month "Over 1000 day", Aya and her team were detained in custody whether pending investigation or pending trial illegally.

    According to the Egyptian law, the maximum period of pretrial detention is 24 months.
    Aya Hijazi
    Aya Hijazi and the victory sign at court "Elsam Gomaa" 
    To be honest I did not expect Hijazi and her team to be acquitted of all charges on Sunday.
    I expected that she would get a presidential pardon eventually but after a long time in jail just like Mohamed Sultan, Peter Greste and Mohamed Fahmy.

    Many are speaking about the effect of Sisi's visit to Washington D.C from two weeks ago and how the American administration.
    Some are saying that it is not the American administration but rather the U.S Congressmen and Senators especially the Democrats who adopted Aya's case.
    It is worth to mention that president Abdel Fattah El-Sisi made it clear in his interview with Fox News Channel that he does not interfere in the judiciary.
     He also added that he was willing to pardon her if she was found guilty.

    This is his usual answer when asked about certain trials.
    Anyhow back to the happy sweet couple Aya and Mohamed.
    Mohamed Hassanein told journalists that he would continue helping the street children in Egypt.
    Aya also confirmed their plan.

    I do not know if they are really going to stay in Egypt or they will head to the United States.
    They suffered a lot and it is enough how they have been defamed by cheap pro-regime media.
    Unfortunately, they cannot be compensated for the time they spent in custody.
    Aya Hijazi and her husband
    The couple in court's cage "Sharif Kouddous" 

    The couple and the other 6 people will be released later this week.

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    First, Belated Happy Easter to all those who celebrated it around the globe especially the Egyptian Christians who had real tough week.
    Second, Happy Sham El-Nassim to all Egyptian around the globe.
    Happy Spring Feast
    Here is an old Kawkab issue's cover showing young Soad Hosni celebrating the spring feast in 1960.
    Soad Hosni
    Soad Hosni on the cover of El-Kawkab
    "Misr El-Mahrousa zaman FB page"
    A decade later, legendary Honsi became the queen of spring when she sang "El- Donia Rabe'i" in her blockbuster " Amira, my love"

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    Usually, the military spokespersons are very specific and careful about what they say. After all , they represent their armies as well their governments or regimes.
    On Sunday , a video clip went viral in Saudi Arabia and Egypt. It started in the Kingdom before reaching Egypt's social media realm causing anger and astonishment.

    In an interview with Saudi-owned Al-Arabiya News General manager and prominent journalist Turki Aldakhil on Sunday, the Saudi-led coalition in Yemen official spokesperson Major General Ahmed Asiri spoke mainly about the coalition and its start in 2015 and its progress.

    In a 45-second video clip, Asiri speaks about President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi and howhe offered to send between 30,000-40,000 soldiers as ground forces in Yemen.
    Asiri speaks about El-Sisi's alleged offer

    Here is what was said translated into English:



    Turki Adakhil : Egypt offered the coalition ....
    Ahmed Asiri : Yes, it is well known that his excellency President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi offered the Saudi government and the coalition that the Egyptian government government would send ground troops on ground but the "methodology" then "and I mentioned that several times before" did not demand having non-Yemeni forces in Yemen.; Why ?
    Because Yemenis should first defend their land and their freedom
    Turki Adakhil : and the Egyptian forces ?
    Ahmed Asiri :Now the Egyptian forces are participating with Navy and air forces but at that time we were speaking about number 30,000 to 40,000 soldiers
    Turki Adakhil : ground forces ?
    Ahmed Asiri : Yes , ground forces in addition to Saudi forces on the borders as well the other forces that would join for a ground operation.
    So according to Major General Ahmed Asiri, Egypt's president Abdel Fattah El-Sisi offered to send between 30,000 and 40,000 Egyptian soldiers in March 2015 to join Saudi Arabia and its coalition to liberate Yemen from Iranian-backed Houthi rebels through ground operation but the Kingdom or the coalition rejected the offer kindly because Yemen needed its children then ..etc.
    Throughout September 2015, we had too many rumors about the participation of Egyptian ground troops which were denied by the Coalition spokesperson aka Ahmed Asiri himself.
    Major General Asiri
    Major General Asiri "Reuters

    And Yes, Egypt's official participation in the coalition involved naval and air forces units only.

    On Monday, there was complete official silence on the Egyptian front.

    Still, unofficially Al-Shorouk Daily Newspaper quoted anonymous Egyptian informed source who denied completely what the Saudi military official said. The source was amazed on why Asiri would make such mistake and say that in a TV show.

    On Tuesday, Major General Asiri retracted what he said.
    He claimed that he was not referring to Egypt's Participation in the ongoing Yemen war but rather to Sisi's failed Joint Arab force project that was suggested at the Arab summit in Sharm El-Sheikh in March 2015.
    He said in statements to Al-Arabiya that Egypt offered 40,000 ground forces to join that joint Arab forces that never saw the light.
    That's why I translated the whole clip. Asiri was specific in what he said about Egypt in the Yemen war.
    Saudi officials like Asiri and media figures like Aldakhil do not speak of their minds easily or make mistakes like this easily.

    I totally do not understand why he would say that and then he retracted.
    This is more than interesting because it seems to the whole world that aside from Tiran and Sanafir saga and Muslim Brotherhood reconciliation with the state, the level of Egypt's military participation in the ongoing war in Yemen is among the main points of disagreement between the Egyptian and Saudi regime.
    It is not a big secret but all media reports speak on how Saudi Arabia and UAE were unsatisfied with the level of Egypt's participation in the coalition and wanted Egyptian boots on the Yemeni ground but Sisi and his administration refuse it.
    Sisi knows very well how the Egyptian public looks to Yemen war in the 1960s as our own Vietnam war.

    By the way speaking about Tiran and Sanafir isles, Egypt' administrative court set the date of 6 June to rule on legal jurisdiction dispute about Tiran and Sanafir isles.
    The lawsuit was filed by activist and lawyer Khaled Ali following the Urgent matters court's verdict against the Supreme administrative court's verdict that annulled the Egyptian Saudi maritime demarcation agreement.
    According to Khaled Ali, the administrative court decided to set the date for its verdict from the first session in the lawsuit.
    Needless to say that the regime is insisting that it is Saudi in the media.

    Also on Tuesday, Iraq's leader of Shiite National alliance bloc in Iraqi parliament MP Ammar El-Hakim started an official visit to Cairo where he met President El-Sisi and FM Sameh Shoukry.
    I do not know what is really going between Cairo and Riyadh but it seems that it is too complicated.

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    And Aya Hijazi returned to the United States, that is the main and sole news Egypt was speaking about on Friday.
    Egyptian-American Hijazi arrived the United States on Friday along with her husband Mohamed Hassanein on a special plane accompanied by a top adviser to Donald Trump personally.
    Their plan to stay in Egypt and to restart their project to help Cairo's street children seemed to be doomed.
    Even after their full acquittal from all the shameful charges like child exploitation and human trafficking last week, it will not be an easy to start again an independent NGO like "Beladi" now with the new NGOs law and its strict regulations.
    It is not like 2011 or even 2013 in Cairo.
    Hijazi and Hassanein returned to D.C along with Dina Powell, Donald Trump's deputy national security advisor for strategy
    The Egyptian-American whose star is shining recently among Trump's White House staff came to Egypt and met with El-Sisi last week according to the Washington Post's report about Aya's return to the U.S.
    No journalist or reporter as far as I know in Egypt spoke or even knew that Dina Powell was in town except Washington Post. She was not alone in Cairo as U.S secretary of defense Jim Mattis was in town as well.
    Aya arrived in Washington and hours later, she and her brother Bassil were received warmly in the White House.
    Interestingly, the US president refused to answer any questions or let the media ask any question. It was clever to end at that point because the no.1 question would be: You lifted the human rights condition when it comes to the relations with Egypt but here you are sitting with one of those human rights cases !?
    The 30-years old Egyptian-American sat on the same chair like Abdel Fattah El-Sisi from two weeks ago.
    Aya Hijazi and Trump
    Aya Hijazi shaking hands with Trump
    on the same chair like El-Sisi "Reuters"

    I feel sad that I did not have got the opportunity to rant about Sisi's big visit to Washington D.C.
    Sisi and Trump
    Abdel Fattah El-Sisi and Trump from two weeks ago
    "Reuters 
    Hijazi also took the same photo with Trump in the oval house just like El-Sisi but it was not spread like the above photos.
    The Egyptian-American girl also took a picture with Ivanka Trump.
    Aya Hijazi is a true Egyptian girl with her formal black and white cute look.
    Needless to say, knowing the role Dina Powell played, it was expected to see Ivanka in the picture and not Steven Bannon.

    According to the Washington Post as well the official statements coming from D.C say that Aya Hijazi and her Beladi team were freed after "Trump's intervention" explicitly.Here is the US departement of state's Arabic account quoting WH press secretary Sean Spicer speaking about "Intervention".

    A senior Trump administration official told the WaPo that agreement for Hijazi’s release was the product of Trump’s “discreet diplomacy and no favors were presented to Cairo in return.
    In another indirect way, there was intervention in Egyptian Judiciary's work.
    It is worth to mention that last week, Cairo's First-degree criminal court acquitted Aya and her team of all charges.
    El-Sisi has repeatedly that the Egyptian judiciary was independent and when he was asked about her in his Fox News interview, he said that he would use his legal power aka pardon after the verdict.
    For the record, Trump is saying that there has been no deal in Aya's case but all the news coming from the States speak about "intervention".

    The Egyptian foreign ministry has not issued any Comment about this matter yet.

    The Reality TV superstar president has not wasted any time in seizing the moment and using Aya's case to raise his popularity.
    Aya Hijazi and Trump
    Hijazi and Trump at the White House "Reuters" 
    Among his supporters and bad media, Donald Trump has succeeded in what Obama failed to do in three years: To Free the American citizen Aya Hijazi without any deal.
    He forgot that the US NGOs workers and Mohamed Soltan return back home as well during the time of Obama.
    There is always a price in such deals.
    Trump also is sending another indirect message that he is not against Muslim Americans after all Aya is a Muslim.

    Trump threw the current Egyptian administration under the bus for a publicity stunt.
    All the foreign media is speaking about is that brutal crackdown against the NGOs and we are back to that "coup that removed democratically elected president".
    Ironically, the man shared a patriot nationalist song on his personal account the WaPo article that slams the Egyptian regime.
    Pro-Sisi supporters are still in shock. The Pro-regime media in Egypt is furious. TV shows are attacking the young lady madly
    Shamefully, they are attacking Aya Hijazi and claiming that she is an American spy on the social media as well on TV channels boldly !!

    I read a crazy tweet of Pro-regime supporter saying that she must be a high ranking officer in the CIA to received in the White House like that !!

    Because if she were not a spy but why the President of the States sent her a military aircraft and received her at the While House !!??
    Anyhow wild theory went viral that she was exchanged with Egyptian Spy Mostafa Awad who was arrested spying on US for the sake of Egyptian intelligence !!
    There has been no swap of spies because there is not Egyptian spy detained in the United States in the first place and Mostafa Awad is not Egyptian but rather a Saudi-born !!!

    Sisi and Trump
    Sisi and Trump earlier this month at the White House "AFP"
    Ironically, those are the same people online who have been cheering for Trump and were so happy from two weeks when Sisi went to D.C.

    I totally understand their frustration and anger.

    This is the second time Trump shocks them. The first time was his also stunt raid in Syria.
    Anyhow those people forget the fact that officially she was not accused of espionage but rather a set of charges related to exploitation of street children.

    Another fact, Aya did not raise up the US passport except in a very time when she found herself detained without any trial year after year.

    The US government did what it should do from helping a citizen in a trouble abroad.
    Just like how the Italian government is doing with Regeni's file.

    This is what governments do but unfortunately, we do not have this concept in our part of the world.
    Only VIPs and officials as well security officers got this special treatment.

    That's why we find people accusing Aya of being a spy or a CIA agent just like late Giulio Regeni.

    Also, people forget how ousted President Mohamed Morsi himself intervened to release Egyptian journalist Shaimaa Adel from detention in Sudan in 2012. 

    Those facts should not be forgotten.

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    Kodak Agfa posted a photo:

    The flowers arc at Egypt's Flowers show 2017

    People taking photos at one of the partitions under some type of metal arc covered by flowers at Egypt's annual Spring Flowers show


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    Kodak Agfa posted a photo:

    The flowers arc at Egypt's Flowers show 2017

    People taking photos at one of the partitions under some type of metal arc covered by flowers at Egypt's annual Spring Flowers show


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    Kodak Agfa posted a photo:

    The pyramids of flowers at Egypt's flowers show 2017

    Pyramids made of flowers at an entrance of one of the partitions in Egypt's annual Spring Flowers show


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    Kodak Agfa posted a photo:

    The pyramids of flowers at Egypt's flowers show 2017

    Pyramids made of flowers at an entrance of one of the partitions in Egypt's annual Spring Flowers show


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    Kodak Agfa posted a photo:

    Taking photo at the flowers arc

    A young man taking a photo of his friend under an arc covered by flowers at Egypt's annual Spring Flowers show